Air Conditioner Parts

By admin

Posted on July 12, 2011

The three main parts of an air conditioner unit are the compressor, the condenser and the evaporator. The last two are located on the outside of the air conditioner while the evaporator is located on the inside.

The basic functioning of the air conditioner is based on the principle of successive heating and cooling of a highly volatile liquid, such as a Freon. The liquid enters the compressor, then it is compressed into a gas. This releases heat and makes the liquid cooler. The heat that is dissipated is radiated outwards with the help of a fan. The liquid then enters the condenser, it is then absorbing heat from the surroundings to reconvert into a gas. Hence, the surroundings become cool. The entire process continues cyclically and this causes cooling of the room.

Besides the three fundamental Air Conditioner Parts, an air conditioner also has a hot coil on the outside to dissipate heat, a cool coil on the inside to absorb heat, two fans (one outside and one inside) and a control circuit to modify the temperature. Changing the rotation speeds can help the fans use a potentiometer.

One more component of the air conditioner is its outer cover. The cover has no other function except to lend an aesthetic appeal to the air conditioner. It is generally made of molded plastic and is available in a wide range of colors and designs. The same can be said about buttons and knobs. A water-carrying duct is essential if the air conditioner faces the road on the outside.