Identifying Rug Weaving Methods to get the Perfect Rug
Posted on July 12, 2011
The following definitions of common weaving terms will give you a better grasp of how rugs get from the weaver’s hand or loom to your home.
Hand Hooked: The weaver pushes a hooking tool through the foundation cloth to the front of the rug, then pulls the yarn to the back, leaving a loop on the surface.
Hand Knotted: Each knot is individually tied by hand. These knots are single strands of yarn that have been looped around two adjacent warp threads.
Hand Tufted: An inked-on foundation cloth is stretched over a loom. Then a manually operated hand-tufting gun pushes the yarn through the back of the cloth. When the rug is taken off the loom, a scrim and layer of latex is placed on the back. A back-cloth is then sewed on to the latex and scrim to protect your floors.
Jacquard: A mechanized loom that has an endless belt of punched cards is used. The holes in the card are arranged to produce the weave of the rug.
Wilton Loom: These rugs bear a close resemblance to hand-knotted rugs, but are machine made. The pile is woven between two backings and then split down the middle so you get two separate rugs.